Exercise & Nutrition for Type 1 Diabetes

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Exercise & Nutrition for Type 1 Diabetes


Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder which occurs when the body’s immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. It represents 10-15% of all cases of diabetes and is more commonly diagnosed in children and young adults, but can occur at any age. Unlike type 2 diabetes, it is not related to lifestyle and little is known about prevention. 

However, a healthy lifestyle is important in its management. While insulin replacement is the mainstay of treatment, the person with type 1 diabetes must carefully balance insulin with food intake and exercise to maintain their blood glucose levels in the optimal range and avoid dangerous high or low blood glucose levels. This can be a difficult feat, particularly when it comes to exercise as the effects of exercise on blood glucose levels can differ depending on the type of exercise, the timing according to meals and insulin injections and other factors. 

Understanding this can assist exercise professionals in helping clients with type 1 diabetes to exercise safely and to enjoy the many benefits that exercise provides.

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